Democratic Gov. J.B. Pritzker made Illinois the most liberal state in the U.S. for access to reproductive health care with the stroke of 20 pens Wednesday at the Chicago Cultural Center.
It was a vow he made at the beginning of the legislative session, and a charge both backers and detractors of the Reproductive Health Act maintained would come to pass. The measure became law immediately with his signature.
Pritzker said the law makes the Prairie State a "beacon" for access to pregnancy care, contraception, birth control, abortion procedures and other related benefits by making access to thm a "fundamental right." That means no level of government in Illinois can infringe upon a woman's or man's access to reproductive health care.
"Let the word go forth today from this place that if you believe in standing up for women's fundamental rights, Illinois is a beacon of hope in the heart of this nation. We trust women," the governor said.
While opponents say the law strikes protections from statute -- including the automatic autopsy of a woman who dies during an abortion, penalties for an illegally performed abortion post-viability, and inspections of clinics where the procedure is done -- proponents say it codifies current practices and removes aspects of statute enjoined by the courts.
Advocates also point out the measure treats abortion procedures as health care.
"The government shouldn't be able to tell a woman what's best for her body and her future. By making the Reproductive Health Care law in Illinois, we're sending a clear message -- that we trust women to make their decisions about their bodies," said Senate sponsor Melinda Bush, a Democrat from Grayslake. "We believe that women should have the same autonomy over their bodies that men do."
Immediately after the signing ceremony, opponents of the act held a news event in opposition to the new law. Present were representatives from the Thomas More Society, a Chicago-based law firm, and Illinois Right to Life Action, a lobbying group.
Peter Breen of Lombard, vice president and senior counsel of the law firm, said the "deceptively titled" Reproductive Health Act makes Illinois "an abortion destination for the country."
"The governor and the Democratic supermajorities who fast-tracked this legislation have created a new 'death penalty' in Illinois, with no possibility of appeal, for viable unborn preemies," said Breen, who was a state representative from 2015 until this year.
"It's a tale as old as time. Illinois politicians are more concerned with pandering to cash-wielding progressives and Chicago media outlets than they are with representing the people of our state," said Mary Kate Knorr, Illinois Right to Life Action spokeswoman. "Pritzker doesn't care what the people of Illinois want, nor does he care that abortion takes a human life."
Breen said the Thomas More Society will mount a legal challenge to the new law.
The legislation was introduced in February by House sponsor Rep. Kelly Cassidy, a Democrat from Chicago, and in the Senate by Bush. The twin bills sat in legislative limbo until early May, when calls for action came from advocates and lawmakers after moves by states such as Louisiana, Georgia and Missouri to restrict access to abortion procedures.
Some of those laws were passed to challenge the 1973 case Roe v. Wade, which legalized the procedure nationwide, before the U.S. Supreme Court.
"All of us believe the state of Missouri and the rest of the states that have passed laws taking away women's rights should change their minds, should revisit the issue," Pritzker said. "But Illinois knows where we stand and we're going to be here for women if they have to be refugees from other states. We don't want them to be -- we want women to be able to access health care where they live and all of us believe in that."
Missouri's last remaining abortion provider, in St. Louis, is locked in a legal battle to determine whether it can retain its license to continue to operate.
Cassidy and Bush had another message -- "elections matter."
"When you elect women that are here to make a difference, that's what they do and that's what they did. And I want to be clear: The freshmen women of the House, they really did move this bill," Bush said.
Dick Durbin, the senior U.S. senator from Illinois, told reporters Sunday the law signed by Pritzker on Wednesday is a response to the larger national debate about abortion.
"What we've done here in Illinois with the Reproductive Health Act is to try to codify what we believe is the Roe v. Wade decision. That's my understanding, and I would support that," he said. "It is a shame that we're back into this national debate, but clearly there is a design."
Durbin said he was most concerned about the removal of licensing requirements for abortion clinics, but he pointed out the law also requires insurance companies that cover pregnancy-related benefits to cover abortion procedures and includes language specifying fetuses have no legal rights in the state.
"It is appalling in 2019 that anti-abortion advocates are still trying to shame women about their reproductive health care; we see it at some of our health centers every day," Jennifer Welch, Planned Parenthood of Illinois president, said. "Whether it's access to abortion or contraception, we've seen opposition to common-sense legislation that keeps women in control of their own health and lives."
The Reproductive Health Act was Senate Bill 25.